问:我从后面撞到前面车的车尾,一定是我的错吗?
答: 似情况而定。Malaysia Highway Code第22条文说明,车与车之间必须保持一个安全距离。因此,通常司机撞到前方车尾时,就是该后方司机的责任。然而,有些情况并非完全是后方司机的错, 前方司机的疏忽也会造成有关的车祸。
参考案例:

  • Abdullah Karim v Ahmad Abdullah & Anor [1991] 2 CLJ (Rep) 238
    此案例里,法庭宣判前方司机必须为该起车祸付上25%的责任, 因为在停泊巴士时,没有仔细的留意四周的环境。
  • Chai Phin Chong & Anor v Zainal Abidin Mohd Salleh & Anor [1998] 4 CLJ 833
    由于前方车辆紧急停车,导致被后方车辆撞上,因此法庭宣判前方车辆也需付出应有的责任。
  • Kamaruddin Mohd Nor & Anor v Soon Soo Moe & Anor [1998] 4 CLJ Supp 301
    此特殊案例,由于前方司机突然紧急切换车道(U Turn),导致后方司机在没有预警下撞上前方的司机,因此法官宣判前方的司机需付上所有的责任。
  • 建议车主安装行车记录仪,以便在发生车祸时,能记录一切的记录。

Malaysia Highway Code

22. If you collide with the rear of a vehicle in front, it is your fault, because it means you have been following it too closely. Allow at least one cars length between you and the vehicle in front for every 10 mph
(~15 kmh) of your speed for reaction and stopping time. Thus at 30 mph (~45 kmh) there should be at least 3 cars length between your vehicle and the one in front. This is particularly important for smaller vehicles like mini cars and motorcycles; a collision is more costly in terms of repair and life for drivers of smaller vehicles.

参考:asklegal 

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撞上前面的车,一定是你的责任?