案情

  1. 双方举行传统婚礼,但是没有注册。
  2. “结婚”后,男方和女方以夫妻名誉住在一起,并生下了两个小孩。
  3. 几年后,女方带着两个小孩离开了男方,安定在娘家。
  4. 孩子由女方和女方妈妈照顾。
  5. 近日,男方一直恐吓和羞辱女方和威胁女方他会抢走小孩。
  6. 女方害怕小孩被抢走,担心在男方的家,男方做生意,忽略小孩的教育和成长。
  7. 女方入禀法庭申请小孩的抚养权和监护权。

 

法庭判

  1. 由于没有注册结婚,孩子是属于私生子。
  2. 根据1976年的法律改革(结婚与离婚法)第88(3)条文,有一项可以推翻的假设,以7岁以下小孩的利益为考量,小孩应该与母亲在一起。但是这个假设是否适合用于该案件,法庭会考量小孩在决定该推定是否适用于任何特定案件的事实时,法庭会考量不干扰目前小孩生活。
  3. 目前小孩是7岁以下,自从小孩出生后,小孩一直都很亲向女方。
  4. 法庭以孩子的福利为第一的考量因素。
  5. 法庭考量如果抚养权归男方,小孩子可能面对情绪上的压力,因为小孩是女方抚养长大还有现在是跟女方一起生活。
  6. 因此,抚养权和监护权归女方。男方可以随时探望小孩 (附加双方同意的条件)。

 

Mahabir Prasad v Mahabir Prasad [1982] 1 MLJ 189:

We are also aware of the damage done to emotional development of children if they are suddenly removed from a known, secure, supporting set of relationship, and thrust among strangers even if they be some blood relationship with one or more of the strangers. In some cases this may be explored by calling expert evidence in others, the ordinary experience of the Courts is relied upon. But this does not mean that the status quo must always be preserved. It merely means that we must anxiously consider the evidence before the Court and determine how best to promote the interest and welfare of the children. After having done that we are of the opinion that it cannot be but for the children’s interests and welfare that they be returned to their mother.”

 

Law Reform (Marriage and Divorce) Act 1976

88.Power for court to make order for custody

(3) There shall be a rebuttable presumption that it is for the good of a child below the age of seven years to be with his or her mother but in deciding whether that presumption applies to the facts of any particular case, the court shall have regard to the undesirability of disturbing the life of a child by changes of custody.

 

Source: [1995] 4 MLJ 629

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