请问未成年人所签署的合约具有法律效力吗?

答:根据1950年合约法令第11条文,每一位心智健全的成年人都有资格签署合约。而根据1971年成年法令第2条文, 马来西亚的法定成年的年龄是18岁。换言之,未成年人所签署的合约是无法律效力的 (void contract),而未成年人不得以合约形式起诉或被起诉。

虽然未成年人所签署的合约会被视为无效合约,但是1950年合约法令第4条文阐明,未成年人所签署的奖学金合约是具有法律效力的。其外,第69条文也阐明,未成年人所签署的提供其必需品的合约具有约束力以及法律效力。

Contracts Act 1950- Section 11- Who are competent to contract

Every person is competent to contract who is of the age of majority according to the law to which he is subject, and who is of sound mind, and is not disqualified from contracting by any law to which he is subject.

Contracts Act 1950- Section 69 – Claim for necessaries supplied to person incapable of contracting, or on his account

If a person, incapable of entering into a contract, or anyone whom he is legally bound to support, is supplied by another person with necessaries suited to his condition in life, the person who has furnished such supplies is entitled to be reimbursed from the property of such incapable person.

Age of Majority Act 1971 – Section 2 – Age of majority

Subject to section 4, the minority of all males and females shall cease and determine within Malaysia at the age of eighteen years and every such male and female attaining that age shall be of the age of majority.

参考

  1. 1950年合约法令 (Contracts Act 1950)

http://www.agc.gov.my/agcportal/uploads/files/Publications/LOM/EN/Act%20136.pdf

  1. 1971年成年法令 (Age of Majority Act 1971)

http://www.agc.gov.my/agcportal/uploads/files/Publications/LOM/EN/Act%2021.pdf

Credits to Rebecca Leong

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未成年合约法律效应