问:

如果死者没有立遗嘱而去世,谁会是死者遗产的受益人?

答:

  • 死者的遗产将会依据1958年财产分配法令,第6条文进行分配。请看以下的图片 (图来自网络):

  • 死者的遗产必须根据以上的分配法,分给以上名单所指的受益人。除非你 (身为受益人之一) 同意放弃和转让自己的那份受益权力给指定 的其他受益人,不然,只要你不同意和不签文件,死者的遗产一定要分一份给你。如果你要其他的受益人把他们的那一份转给你,同样的,你也必须得到他们的同意和签文件。
  • 如果你是跟随死者多年的同居男/女朋友,第二家庭的‘老公’/‘老婆’,但双方并没有婚姻注册,你是完全没有权力继承‘另一半’的任何遗产。
  • 如果你的爸爸妈妈是没有婚姻注册的情况下,把你生下,你就是私生子。你是完全没有权力继承你爸爸(死者)的任何遗产。
  • 受益人有两个管道申请遗产管理委托书 Letter of Administration (简称 LA):

 

(1) 小遗产分配局 (Bahagian Harta Pusaka Kecil) (Small Estate Distribution)

*遗产的名单内,至少要有一个是不动产 (如房子, 店, 厂, 地)

*遗产总值不能超过两百万。

 

(2) 法庭 High Court

*遗产总值必须超过两百万。

*受益人可以自己,请律师或者请Amanah Raya 处理以上手续。

*Amanah Raya 征收的费用如下:

5% for the 1st RM25,000
4% for the next remaining balance up to RM225,000
3% for the next remaining balance up to RM225,000
2% for the next remaining balance up to RM500,000
1% for any remaining balance

*受益人可以先比较了解律师和Amanah Raya 的收费,处理速度和服务素质,才决定聘请哪一方处理死者的遗产分配手续。

*建议大家生前最好先立下遗属,免得以后受益人牵扯遗产纠纷。没有立遗嘱就没有办法根据死者的遗愿,分给应该得到的受益者。一切只能根据以上的法律方式分配,有人欢喜,有人忧。

Distribution Act 1958

6.Succession to intestate estates

(1) After the commencement of this Act, if any person shall die intestate as to any property to which he is beneficially entitled for an interest which does not cease on his death, such property or the proceeds thereof after payment thereout of the expenses of due administration shall, subject to the provisions of Section 4, be distributed in the manner or be held on the trusts mentioned in this section, namely—

(a) if an intestate dies leaving a spouse and no issue and no parent or parents, the surviving spouse shall be entitled to the whole of the estate;

(b) if an intestate dies leaving no issue but a spouse and a parent or parents, the surviving spouse shall be entitled to one-half of the estate and the parent or parents shall be entitled to the remaining one-half;

(c) if an intestate dies leaving issue but no spouse and no parent or parents, the surviving issue shall be entitled to the whole of the estate;

(d) if an intestate dies leaving no spouse and no issue but a parent or parents, the surviving parent or parents shall be entitled to the whole of the estate;

(e) if an intestate dies leaving a spouse and issue but no parent or parents, the surviving spouse shall be entitled to one-third of the estate and the issue the remaining two-thirds;

(f) if an intestate dies leaving no spouse but issue and a parent or parents, the surviving issue shall be entitled to two-thirds of the estate and the parent or parents the remaining one-third;

(g) if an intestate dies leaving a spouse, issue and parent or parents, the surviving spouse shall be entitled to one-quarter of the estate, the issue shall be entitled to one-half of the estate and the parent or parents the remaining one-quarter;

(h) subject to the rights of a surviving spouse or a parent or parents, as the case may be, the estate of an intestate who leaves issue shall be held on the trusts set out in Section 6 for the issue;

(i) if an intestate dies leaving no spouse, issue, parent or parents, the whole of the estate of the intestate shall be held on trusts for the following persons living at the death of the intestate and in the following order and manner, namely:

Firstly, on the trusts set out in Section 7 for the brothers and sisters of the intestate in equal shares; but if no person takes an absolutely vested interest under such trusts, then

Secondly, for the grandparents of the intestate, and if more than one survive the intestate in equal shares absolutely; but if there are no grandparents surviving, then

Thirdly, on the trusts set out in Section 7  for the uncles and aunts of the intestate in equal shares; but if no person takes an absolutely vested interest under such trusts, then

Fourthly, for the great grandparents of the intestate and if more than one survive the intestate in equal shares absolutely; but if there are no such great grandparents surviving, then

Fifthly, on the trusts set out in Section 7 for the great grand uncles and great grand aunts of the intestate in equal shares.

(j) In default of any person taking an absolute interest under the foregoing provisions the Government shall be entitled to the whole of the estate except insofar as the same consists of land.


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没有立遗嘱,死者遗产如何分配?